Photos: Jordan


Dead Sea. Maps

Dead Sea. Photos

Location of Dead Sea
on the world map >>

Location of Dead Sea on the world map

De Dode Zee. Foto's. Dutch

Dead Sea.  Jordan, photos

Dead Sea.  Jordan
Dead Sea. Jordan. There is a lot of foam on the waves: an incredible percentage of salt is in the water.

The Dead Sea on the world map. Map 2
The Dead Sea (Salt Sea) in world map >>         Google maps

Dead Sea in winter
Dead Sea in winter

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Travel to Kamchatka: story and photos >>
Tours to Kamchatka >>

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Dead Sea. Solt. Photos: Jordan
The Solt
It is evident that grows shallow sea: near the water salt deposits still quite clean

The Dead Sea, also called the Salt Sea, is a salt lake bordering Jordan to the east, and Israel to the west. Its surface and shores are 422 metres (1,385 ft) below sea level, the lowest elevation on the Earth's surface on dry land. It is one of the world's saltiest bodies of water, with 33.7% salinity. It is 8.6 times more salty than the ocean.
In the Bible, the Dead Sea is called the Salt Sea, the Sea of the Arabah, and the Eastern Sea. The designation Dead Sea is a modern name which never appears in the Bible.
The sea is called "dead" because its high salinity prevents macroscopic aquatic organisms, such as fish and aquatic plants, from living in it, though minuscule quantities of bacteria and microbial fungi are present.
The Dead Sea was one of the world's first health resorts (for Herod the Great), and it has been the supplier of a wide variety of products, from balms for Egyptian mummification to potash for fertilizers. People also use the salt and the minerals from the Dead Sea to create cosmetics and herbal sachets.

Cleopatra, the pharaoh of Egypt. Siria coin
Cleopatra, image at the Siria coin

They say, pharaoh Cleopatra VII used the Dead Sea therapeutic power to healing her skin. They say, Queen of Sheba discovered the Dead Sea therapy fitness. Then pharaoh Cleopatra went from Egypt to Dead Sea coast to arrange the SPA there.


Dead Sea at the World Map

Dead Sea on the World Map

Dead Sea. A lot of foam on the waves - because the water an incredible percentage of salt. Photos: Jordan   Dead Sea. The beach. Photos: Jordan
A lot of foam on the waves - because there is an incredible percentage of salt in the water.   The beach in Jordan

The Jordan River is the only major water source flowing into the Dead Sea, although there are small perennial springs. There are no outlet streams.
The Dead Sea's climate offers year-round sunny skies and dry air. A summer average temperatures range between 32 and 39 C (90 and 102 F). Winter - between 20 and 23 C (68 and 73 F).
Sufferers of the skin disorder psoriasis also benefit from the ability to sunbathe for long periods in the area due to its position below sea level and subsequent result that many of the sun's harmful UV rays are reduced.
The Dead Sea area has become a major center for health research and treatment for several reasons. The mineral content of the water, the very low content of pollens and other allergens in the atmosphere, the reduced ultraviolet component of solar radiation, and the higher atmospheric pressure at this great depth each have specific health effects. For example, persons suffering reduced respiratory function from diseases such as cystic fibrosis seem to benefit from the increased atmospheric pressure
Thus, the region's climate and low elevation have made it a popular center for several types of therapies:
* Climatotherapy: Treatment which exploits local climatic features such as temperature, humidity, sunshine, barometric pressure and special atmospheric constituents
* Heliotherapy: Treatment that exploits the biological effects of the sun's radiation
* Thalassotherapy: Treatment that exploits bathing in Dead Sea water

People are washed from curative mud in the shower. Photos: Jordan
The shower is just near the sea

There are not a nigger's feet, it's the healing mud. Photos: Jordan
There are not a nigger's feet, it's the healing mud
And the sand - it's half-white salt. Also medicinal! Treatment involves flushing mud are useful in the seawater to the salt effect upon the body.

Dead Sea in Jordan: there are only four hotels here. But they are very comfortable. Photos: Jordan

There are all for the rest and treatment:

Rest of the Dead Sea. You can swim in the sea or - in the pool. Photos: Jordan
the warm sea, beach, cozy hotels


Dead Sea in Jordan. There are all for rest and treatment. Photos: Jordan

the unique spa treatments, healing mud, salt and the sea water.

The mineral content of the Dead Sea is very different from that of ocean water. The exact composition of the Dead Sea water varies mainly with season, depth and temperature. In the early 1980s, the concentration of ionic species (in g/kg) of Dead Sea surface water was Cl− (181.4), Br− (4.2), SO42− (0.4), HCO3− (0.2), Ca2+ (14.1), Na+ (32.5), K+ (6.2) and Mg2+ (35.2). The total salinity was 276 g/kg.[9] These results show that w/w% composition of the salt, as anhydrous chlorides, was calcium chloride (CaCl2) 14.4%, potassium chloride (KCl) 4.4%, magnesium chloride (MgCl2) 50.8% and sodium chloride (common salt, NaCl) 30.4%. In comparison, the salt in the water of most oceans and seas is approximately 97% sodium chloride. The concentration of sulfate ions (SO42−) is very low, and the concentration of bromide ions (Br−) is the highest of all waters on Earth. The sea itself is abundant in minerals acclaimed to have therapeutic value.
Jordan. The Dead Sea. Hotel
Jordan. Hotel at the seaside

Jordan. The Dead Sea. Winter night. Flowers
Winter night. It is late December, but the flowers are blooming!

Jordan. The Dead Sea. Photo Google maps
The Dead Sea. Photo Google maps

Anyone can easily float in the Dead Sea because of natural buoyancy. In this respect the Dead Sea is similar to the Great Salt Lake in Utah in the United States.
Many animal species live in the mountains surrounding the Dead Sea. Hikers can see camels, ibex, hares, hyraxes, jackals, foxes, and even leopards. Hundreds of bird species inhabit the zone as well. Both Jordan and Israel have established nature reserves around the Dead Sea.
In recent decades, the Dead Sea has been rapidly shrinking because of diversion of incoming water from the Jordan River to the north. The southern end is fed by a canal maintained by the Dead Sea Works, a company that converts the sea's raw materials. From a depression of 395 m (1,296 ft) below sea level in 1970[20] it fell 22 m (72 ft) to 418 m (1,371 ft) below sea level in 2006, reaching a drop rate of 1 m (3 ft) per year. As the water level decreases, the characteristics of the Sea and surrounding region may substantially change.*

*From Dead Sea. Jordan. Photos

At a regional conference in July 2009, officials expressed concern about the declining water levels. Some suggested industrial activities around the Dead Sea might need to be reduced. Others advised environmental measures to restore conditions such as increasing the volume of flow from the Jordan River to replenish the Dead Sea. Currently, only sewage and effluent from fish ponds run in the river's channel. Experts also stressed the need for strict conservation efforts. They said agriculture should not be expanded, sustainable support capabilities should be incorporated into the area and pollution sources should be reduced.

In December 2013, Israel, Jordan and the Palestinian Authority signed an agreement for laying a water pipeline to link the Red Sea with the Dead Sea. The pipeline will be 180 km (110 mi) long and is estimated to take up to five years to complete. In January 2015 it was reported that the level of water is now dropping by 1 m (3 ft) a year.
Year Water level (m) Surface(km2)